Commonly called paper birch or canoe birch, primarily native to the cold climates of Canada. This tree is noted for its white bark, which exfoliates in papery strips to reveal an orange-brown inner bark. Mature trees develop black markings on the white bark. Single trunk trees grow to 50-70' tall with an oval rounded crown. Multi-trunked trees grow shorter with a more irregular crown. Leaves are a clear yellow colour in fall. Flowers are followed by drooping cone-like fruits containing numerous small winged seeds that typically mature in late summer.